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:: Volume 19, Issue 2 (8-2021) ::
RBS 2021, 19(2): 225-241 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the Effectiveness of Story Therapy and Music Therapy on the Executive Functions of Aggressive Female Elementary School Students
Zoleikha Salehi , Azra Ghaffari , Tavakkol Mousazadeh
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran. , azra.ghaffari@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (257 Views)
Aim and Background: Today, children's aggression is one of the most common and one of the important reasons for their referral to psychotherapists. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of story therapy and music therapy on the executive functions of aggressive female students.
Methods and Materials: In this quasi-experimental study, 45 aggressive students were randomly selected from among elementary school female students in Karaj in the academic year 2020-2021 and were randomly divided into two experimental groups and one control group. The research instruments included primary school children aggression questionnaires, Wisconsin test, continuous performance test and Stroop test. The experimental groups underwent story therapy in 11 sessions and music therapy in 8 sessions. Data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance.
Findings: There was a significant difference between the effectiveness of story therapy and music therapy on executive functions (p <0.001) of aggressive female students. The mean scores of executive functions in the post-test of music therapy were significantly higher than the mean scores of the story therapy group and the control group (p <0.001).
Conclusions: Story therapy and music therapy have an effective role in improving the executive functions of aggressive female students. Also, music therapy has a greater effect on increasing performance indicators (cognitive flexibility, sustained attention and inhibition) of aggressive female students than story therapy. Therefore, it is suggested that these treatments be performed by specialists in these fields to help aggressive students in educational and therapeutic environments. The results of this research can have many educational implications.
Keywords: story therapy, music therapy, executive functions, aggression
Full-Text [PDF 1294 kb]   (48 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Accepted: 2021/08/3 | Published: 2021/08/8
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Salehi Z, Ghaffari A, Mousazadeh T. Comparison of the Effectiveness of Story Therapy and Music Therapy on the Executive Functions of Aggressive Female Elementary School Students. RBS. 2021; 19 (2) :225-241
URL: http://rbs.mui.ac.ir/article-1-1067-en.html


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Volume 19, Issue 2 (8-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله تحقیقات علوم رفتاری Journal of Research in Behavioural Sciences
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