Volume 17, Issue 3 (10-2019)                   RBS 2019, 17(3): 416-423 | Back to browse issues page

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Jamshidi A, Asadi M, Asadian S. The Relationship of Family Risk Factors and Protective factors with Drug Use among Adolescents. RBS 2019; 17 (3) :416-423
URL: http://rbs.mui.ac.ir/article-1-677-en.html
1- Ph.D student of clinical psychology, Department of Clinical psychology,faculty of Psychology and Social sciences,Rodehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rodehen, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, faculty of Humanities, Arak University, Arak, Iran. , m-asadi@araku.ac.ir
3- B.S in Psychology,Department of psychology, faculty of Psychology, Payam Nour University,Khorasgan Branch,Khorasgan, Iran.
Abstract:   (3622 Views)
Aim and Background: Drug use is a very serious concern for general health. There are various factors involved in drug use, family, social, psychological, and biological. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between family factors and drug use among adolescents.
Methods and Materials: Statistical population of this study consists of all the students of Bushehr schools in the academic years 2011-2012 .Sample of this study consists of 1006 people (414 females and 592 males) were selected through cluster random sampling. Data were collected by Risk and Protective Factors of Drug use Questionnaire (Mohammadkhani 2004 Data were analyzed by stepwise multivariate Regression analysis.
Findings: The results of the multivariate Regression analysis showed that there is a significant and positive  relationship.between family factors (family conflicts, lack of monitoring children's behavior and positive attitude of parents to drug use) and drug use. The results of the Regression test for prediction of the use of drugs from family factors showed that family conflicts did not play a predicting role in explaining the use of drugs among adolescents and the lack of parents supervision on adolescents as well as parents 'attitude could predict codeine use and the parents' positive attitude to drug use has been able to explain the use of cannabis, grasses, crackers, glasses, X-pills, Ritalin, tramadol, and energizing drug. The use of energizing drugs was predictable by positive attitude of parents to drug use.
Conclusions: The findings of this study can be used in family-based interventions related to prevention and treatment of adolescents’ drug use, with emphasis on parenting surveillance and parental attitude to drug use.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/02/8 | Accepted: 2020/02/25 | Published: 2020/02/25

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