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:: Volume 15, Issue 2 (7-2017) ::
RBS 2017, 15(2): 159-167 Back to browse issues page
Near and Far Transfers in the Training of Working Memory Capacity through Simple Span Tasks
امیر حمزه خراسانی *1, ماریا ای. آگیلار وفایی2, وحید نجاتی, حمید رضا حسن‌آبادی
1- استاد، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران
2- دانشیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران
Abstract:   (1191 Views)
Aim and Background: Due to the central role of working memory in general cognition, in recent years, programs for enhancing working memory capacity are of high interest for researchers from different areas in psychology. The purpose of the present research was to study the effects of enhancing working memory capacity using simple span tasks on near and far transfers in male adolescents with low working memory capacity. Methods and Materials: 30 adolescents from high schools in Damghan City, Iran, who had low working memory capacity were voluntarily chosen and randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. Participants in the experimental group received training in simple span working memory tasks in 20 sessions. Tasks used for pre- and post-tests and follow-up assessments included the Wechsler numeral auditory and visual working memory span tasks and the N-back working memory updating task. Findings: Working memory training using simple span tasks led to improvement of auditory working memory (P < 0.001); however, it did not improve visual working memory (P = 0.085) nor updating (P = 0.128). Conclusions: This research provided evidence for near transfer in some tasks when simple span tasks are used for training; however, no significant effect was obtained in far transfer tasks.
Keywords: Memory, Transfer, Update, Adolescent, Near and far
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/02/8 | Accepted: 2017/07/15 | Published: 2017/07/15
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خراسانی ا ح, آگیلار وفایی م ا, نجاتی و, حسن‌آبادی ح ر. Near and Far Transfers in the Training of Working Memory Capacity through Simple Span Tasks. RBS. 2017; 15 (2) :159-167
URL: http://rbs.mui.ac.ir/article-1-528-en.html


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Volume 15, Issue 2 (7-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله تحقیقات علوم رفتاری Journal of Research in Behavioural Sciences
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