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:: Volume 15, Issue 2 (7-2017) ::
RBS 2017, 15(2): 151-158 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Parent-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on Overweight and Self-Esteem in 6- to 11-Year-Old Obese Children with Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder in Isfahan City, Iran
افسانه كرباسي عامل *, سعيد کرباسي عامل
Abstract:   (2111 Views)
Aim and Background: Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common behavioral problem that causes hyperactivity, attention deficits, academic failure, and emotional and behavioral problems in preschool and elementary school. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of parent-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on overweight and self-esteem in 6- to 11-year-old obese children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder in Isfahan City, Iran. Methods and Materials: This quasi-experimental study was done on 40 children aged 6 to 11 years with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder and overweight or obesity (above the 85th percentile in weight for age, height, and sex diagram) referred to Isfahan child and adolescent psychiatric clinic of Ali Asghar hospital in 2015. For 20 subjects only attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder treatment was applied and they received no other intervention; but the others in experimental group participated in cognitive behavioral therapy sessions. Analysis tools were Coppersmith Self-Esteem Scale and the body mass index. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance with repeated measures. Findings: Cognitive-behavioral therapy by teaching parents had a significant effect on overweight in obese children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder at post-test and follow-up. It had a significant effect on self-esteem among the obese children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder at post-test, too (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Parents-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy can be considered as a complementary treatment for reducing psychological symptoms and body mass index and also increasing self-esteem in obese children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder.
Keywords: Cognitive-behavioral therapy, Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, Overweight, Self-esteem
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/02/8 | Accepted: 2017/07/15 | Published: 2017/07/15
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كرباسي عامل ا, کرباسي عامل س. Effectiveness of Parent-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on Overweight and Self-Esteem in 6- to 11-Year-Old Obese Children with Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder in Isfahan City, Iran. RBS. 2017; 15 (2) :151-158
URL: http://rbs.mui.ac.ir/article-1-527-en.html


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Volume 15, Issue 2 (7-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله تحقیقات علوم رفتاری Journal of Research in Behavioural Sciences
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