:: Volume 18, Issue 4 (1-2021) ::
RBS 2021, 18(4): 439-448 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Motor Skills Training on Executive Functions in Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Fatemeh Torkizadeh, Amanollah Soltani , Mahshid Takhayori, Alireza Manzari Tavakoli, Mahshid Zare
Assistant professor,Department of Psychology, kerman branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran. , sarvari.m67@gmail.com
Abstract:   (528 Views)
Aim and Background: Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder causes significant impairment in social, educational, occupational and motor abilities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of motor skills training on executive functions in children with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder.
Methods and Materials: The present study was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest and posttest design with a control group. The statistical population of this study included all male sixth grade elementary school students in Kerman in the academic year 2009-2010; The study sample consisted of 30 people who were selected by available sampling method and were randomly divided into two experimental groups (15 people) and control (15 people). Subjects in two stages of pre-test and post-test were Swanson and Nolan Pelham (1980) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Questionnaires, Wechsler IQ (2002) Numerical Memory and Similarities Subcommittee, and Andrehori Complex Imaging Test. (1942) responded. The experimental group received motor skills training as a group during 18 sessions of 45 minutes, while the control group did not receive any training. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and univariate and multivariate analysis of covariance and SPSS software version 25.
Findings: The results of comparison of the experimental group with the control group showed that the executive functions of working memory and programming-organizing of the experimental group were significantly increased compared to the control group. And the effectiveness of motor skills training on executive functions in the post-test neighborhood was confirmed (p <0.01). The magnitude of this effect on the executive function of working memory was 0.64 and planning-organizing was 0.69(p <.01).
Conclusions: In general, the results showed the effect of motor skills training on executive functions in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. And this method can be used to treat these children.
Keywords: Motor abilities, executive functions, attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Accepted: 2021/01/11 | Published: 2021/02/12

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Volume 18, Issue 4 (1-2021) Back to browse issues page