:: Volume 19, Issue 3 (10-2021) ::
RBS 2021, 19(3): 551-562 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of Mental Health between Athlete And Non-Athlete Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
MOhammad Seyedahmadi * 1, Hossein Samadi2 , Hadi Akbari3
1- Velayat University , mseyedahmadi@velayat.ac.ir
2- University of Yazd
3- University of Zabol
Abstract:   (1636 Views)
Aim and Background: Mental health refers to cognitive, behavioral, and emotional well-being. It is all about how people think, feel, and behave. Mental health can affect daily living, relationships, and physical health. The purpose of this study was to systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that compared the mental health of athletic and non-athletic students.
Methods and Materials: Articles were searched in Persian in the SID, Noormags, Civilica, Elmnet using the keywords “mental health”, “general health”, “athlete”, and “non- athlete” were used without any time limit until February 2017. Inclusion criteria included cross-sectional studies comparing athletes and non-athletes as well as studies using the General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28). The modified checklist by Downs et al. (1998) was used to assess the methodological quality of the selected studies. Articles were reviewed using the PRISMA checklist.
Findings: Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, finally 12 articles from 478 studies were comprehensively reviewed. According to the results of the study, the total number of athletes and non-athletes was 1252 and 1451, respectively. The results of meta-analysis showed that there is a significant difference between the mental health of athlete students and non-athlete [MD = -5.15, 95% CI (-3.34 to -6.96)] as well as there is a significant difference between athletic and non-athletic students in the following four subscales of mental health so that in all cases the athletes were better; physical symptoms [MD = -1.23, 95% CI (-0.70 to -1.75)], anxiety and sleep disorder [MD = -1.73, 95% CI (-1.24 to -2.21)], social dysfunction [MD = -1.50, 95% CI (-0.74 to -2.25)], and depression [MD = -1.43, 95% CI (-0.85 to -2)].
Conclusions: The results of this study showed that student-athletes had better general health than non-athletes. Therefore, exercise and physical activity can promote students' mental health.
Keywords: Mental Health, General Health, Student, Athlete, Non-Athlete
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/09/16 | Accepted: 2021/12/4 | Published: 2021/12/21

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Volume 19, Issue 3 (10-2021) Back to browse issues page