:: Volume 19, Issue 3 (10-2021) ::
RBS 2021, 19(3): 439-453 Back to browse issues page
Analysis of structural equations of emotional distress based on family emotional atmosphere and attachment styles mediated by differentiation and body image of married people
Shirin Shahmardi1 , Taghi Pourebrahim 2, Mohammad Bagher Hobbi3
1- Department of Psychology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University. Tehran Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran , t_pourebrahim@sbu.ac.ir
3- Department of Psychology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. Imam Hussein University
Abstract:   (399 Views)
Aim and Background: Research has shown that emotional distress can be affected by body image and family circumstances. Therefore; the aim of this study was to analyze the structural equations of emotional malaise based on family emotional atmosphere and attachment styles mediated by differentiation and body image.
Methods and Materials: The research method is descriptive-correlation of structural equations. The statistical population consisted of all married men and women living in District 2 of Tehran in 1399. The sample size was estimated to be 400 using the method proposed by Schumacher and Lomax (2004). Sampling method was available and online. Research tools included questionnaires including Toronto Mood Disorder (1994), Hillburn Family Emotional Atmosphere (1964), Collins and Reed Attachment Styles (1990), Scorne and Friedlander (1988) Differentiation, and Director and Garcia (2002) Body Image. They were. To analyze the data, structural equation modeling technique was used in AMOS software environment.  
Findings: Findings showed that anxious attachment style has a positive and dependency and closeness style, family emotional atmosphere, self-differentiation and body image have a negative and significant effect on emotional malaise. It also mediates the effect of anxiety attachment style on emotional malaise in a positive way and the effect of closeness attachment style on emotional malaise in a negative and significant way. Body image mediates the effect of anxiety attachment style on emotional malaise in a positive way and the effect of closeness attachment style on emotional malaise in a negative and meaningful way. Self-differentiation mediates AND Body images the effect of family emotional climate on emotional malaise in a negative and meaningful way.
Conclusions: It seems that improving the emotional atmosphere of the family and attachment style, both directly and by increasing their self-esteem and improving their body image, is effective in reducing emotional distress in married people.
Keywords: Emotional Disgust, Family Emotional Atmosphere, Attachment Styles, Differentiation, Body Image
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/07/25 | Accepted: 2021/10/11 | Published: 2021/10/2


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Volume 19, Issue 3 (10-2021) Back to browse issues page