دوره 15؛ شماره 4: (1396):518-525

اثربخشی آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی بر خودنظم‌بخشی و پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان با اختلال در یادگیری حساب

مریم اکبری, علی اکبر ارجمندنیا, غلامعلی افروز, کامبیز کامکار

DOI: 10.22122/rbs.v15i4.2019

چکیده


زمینه و هدف: بزرگ‌ترین گروه کودکان استثنایی که در مدارس استثنایی ثبت‌نام می‌شوند، کودکان داراي اختلالات یادگیري هستند. هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثربخشی برنامه آموزشی مبتنی بر ذهن‌آگاهی بر خودنظم‌بخشی دانش‌آموزان با اختلال در یادگیری حساب بود.

مواد و روش‌ها: این مطالعه به روش نیمه تجربی و بر اساس طرح پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون، همراه با گروه شاهد انجام شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل دانش‌آموزان پسر پایه چهارم و پنجم مقطع ابتدایی با اختلال در یادگیری حساب در سال تحصیلی 93-1392 بود که در مراکز توان‌بخشی اختلالات یادگیری شهر سنندج خدمات ویژه دریافت می‌کردند. 30 دانش‌آموز به شیوه نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه 15 نفره آزمایش و شاهد قرار گرفتند. برای گروه آزمایش، 10 جلسه برنامه آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی کودکان اجرا گردید، اما گروه شاهد تنها تحت آموزش‌های معمول مراکز توان‌بخشی قرار گرفتند. قبل و بعد از اجرای برنامه آموزشی، برای هر دو گروه پرسش‌نامه خودنظم‌بخشی تحصیلی (Self-Regulation Questionnaire Academic یا SRQ-A) و آزمون پیشرفت تحصیلی محقق ساخته اجرا گردید. برای برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون تحلیل کواریانس چند متغیری استفاده شد.

یافته‌ها: پس از تعدیل نمرات پیش‌آزمون، افزایش معنی‌داری در خودنظم‌بخشی و پیشرفت تحصیلی گروه آزمایش نسبت به گروه شاهد مشاهده گردید (050/0 > P).

نتيجه‌گيري: نتایج مطالعه حاضر تأییدی بر پژوهش‌هایی است که نشان داده‌اند برنامه‌های آموزشی مبتنی بر درمان شناختی- رفتاری (Cognitive behavioral therapy یا CBT)، بر کاهش مشکلات روان‌شناختی و تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان با اختلال یادگیری تأثیر دارند.


واژگان کلیدی


ذهن‌آگاهی، خودنظم‌بخشی، پیشرفت تحصیلی، اختلال در یادگیری حساب

تمام متن:

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