دوره 15؛ شماره 4: (1396):501-507

نقش میانجی دشواری در تنظیم هیجان در رابطه بین سیستم‌های مغزی رفتاری و شدت بی‌خوابی

احمد منصوری, حمید نجات, نسیبه منصوری

DOI: 10.22122/rbs.v15i4.1972

چکیده


زمینه و هدف: بی‌خوابی، یکی از شایع‌ترین اختلالات روان‌شناختی می‌باشد که سلامت و بهزیستی روانی افراد را به خطر می‌اندازد. از این‌رو، پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش میانجی دشواری در تنظیم هیجان در رابطه بین سیستم‌های مغزی رفتاری و شدت بی‌خوابی انجام گردید.

مواد و روش‌ها: در این مطالعه توصیفی- همبستگی، 210 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. مقیاس سیستم فعال‌ساز رفتاری/ سیستم بازداری رفتاری (Behavioural Inhibition System/Behavioural Activation System یا BIS/BAS scales)، پرسش‌نامه دشواری در تنظیم هیجان (Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale یا DERS) و پرسش‌نامه شدت بی‌خوابی (Insomnia Severity Index یا ISI) در مورد شرکت‌کنندگان تکمیل گردید. داده‌های به دست آمده با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی Pearson و تحلیل مسیر در نرم‌افزارهای SPSS و LISREL مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.

یافته‌ها: سیستم بازداری پیش‌بین دشواری در تنظیم هیجان بود که به سهم خود پیش‌بین شدت بی‌خوابی نیز می‌باشد. همچنین، مدل مربوط به نقش میانجی دشواری در تنظیم هیجان در رابطه بین سیستم‌های مغزی رفتاری و شدت بی‌خوابی، برازش قابل قبولی را با داده‌ها نشان داد.

نتيجه‌گيري: نتایج به دست آمده از پژوهش، بر اهمیت سیستم‌های مغزی رفتاری و تنظیم هیجان در بی‌خوابی تأکید می‌نماید. همچنین، این سیستم‌ بازداری رفتاری بی‌خوابی شدیدتری را به واسطه دشواری در تنظیم هیجان به دنبال دارد.


واژگان کلیدی


اختلالات روان‌شناختی، بی‌خوابی، هیجانات

تمام متن:

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