دوره 15؛ شماره 4: (1396):443-451

اثربخشی بازخورد قیاسی- اجتماعی مثبت و حمایت خودمختاری بر خودکارامدی و یادگیری حرکتی کودکان

سعید ارشم, ملیحه سرابندی, فهیمه سنائی

DOI: 10.22122/rbs.v15i4.1923

چکیده


زمینه و هدف: یادگیری مهارت حرکتی و خودکارامدی، به حمایت و بازخورد حمایتی نیاز دارد. هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر، تعيين تأثير بازخورد قیاسی- اجتماعی مثبت و حمایت خودمختاری بر خودکارامدی و يادگيري مهارت هدف‌گيري پرتابي دانش‌آموزان 8 تا 9 ساله مدارس منطقه 5 تهران بود.

مواد و روش‌ها: 60 دانش‌آموز راست دست به روش در دسترس به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند و بر اساس قد، وزن، سطح مهارت رشدی و نمرات پيش‌آزمون، در چهار گروه 15 نفره «ارایه بازخورد قیاسی- اجتماعی مثبت، حمایت خودمختاری، ارایه هم‌زمان بازخورد قیاسی- اجتماعی مثبت و حمایت خودمختاری و شاهد» قرار گرفتند. مرحله اكتساب شامل شش بلوك ده كوششي بود. در گروه‌های بازخورد قیاسی- اجتماعی مثبت، شرکت‌کنندگان علاوه بر بازخورد واقعی بعد از هر بلوک، بازخوردی در رابطه با عملکردشان نسبت به سایر کودکان دریافت کردند و در گروه‌های حمایت خودمختاری، شرکت‌کنندگان فرصت انتخاب رنگ کیسه‌ها را قبل از هر بلوک داشتند. میانگین‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس دو عاملی ترکیبی با تکرار سنجش عامل آخر و آزمون تحلیل واریانس یک‌طرفه بین گروهی با اصلاح Bonferroni مقایسه گردید.

یافته‌ها: ارایه بازخورد قیاسی- اجتماعی و حمایت خودمختاری می‌تواند از طریق افزایش خودکارامدی، اجرا و یادگیری حرکتی کودکان را بهبود بخشد.

نتيجه‌گيري: اثر مثبت ارایه هم‌زمان بازخورد قیاسی- اجتماعی و حمایت خودمختاری بر یادگیری حرکتی کودکان، به طور قابل ملاحظه‌ای بیشتر است.


واژگان کلیدی


بازخورد، بازخورد قیاسی- اجتماعی مثبت، حمایت، خودکارامدی، یادگیری حرکتی

تمام متن:

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