دوره 15؛ شماره 4: (1396):467-473

کشف عوامل مؤثر بر سرخوردگی زناشویی زوجین ایرانی: یک مطالعه کیفی

نگار بهمنی, عذرا اعتمادی, سید احمد احمدی, مریم فاتحی زاده

DOI: 10.22122/rbs.v15i4.1890

چکیده


زمینه و هدف: به نظر می‌رسد که سرخوردگی زناشویی، آخرین مرحله روابط زناشویی است. از این‌رو، بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر این متغیر اهمیت فراوانی دارد. هدف از انجام تحقیق حاضر، بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر سرخوردگی زناشویی در بین زوجین ایرانی بود.

مواد و روش‌ها: این مطالعه به لحاظ هدف، بنیادی و از نظر روش، یک طرح کیفی از نوع نظریه مبنایی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را زنان و مردان متأهل شهر تهران تشکیل دادند. داده‌های مورد نیاز به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند از بین افرادی که دچار سرخوردگی زناشویی شده بودند (15 نفر)، جمع‌آوری گردید و تا اشباع مقوله‌ها ادامه یافت. ابزار پژوهش، مصاحبه‌ عمیق نیمه ساختار یافته بود و اطلاعات با استفاده از کدگذاری نظری مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.

یافته‌ها: این مطالعه به لحاظ هدف، بنیادی و از نظر روش، یک طرح کیفی از نوع نظریه مبنایی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را زنان و مردان متأهل شهر تهران تشکیل دادند. داده‌های مورد نیاز به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند از بین افرادی که دچار سرخوردگی زناشویی شده بودند (15 نفر)، جمع‌آوری گردید و تا اشباع مقوله‌ها ادامه یافت. ابزار پژوهش، مصاحبه‌ عمیق نیمه ساختار یافته بود و اطلاعات با استفاده از کدگذاری نظری مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.

نتيجه‌گيري: سرخوردگی زناشویی زوجین تحت تأثیر عوامل زمینه‌ای، مداخله‌گر، روان‌شناختی و شخصیتی مختلفی قرار دارد. از این‌رو، توجه به عوامل متفاوت سرخوردگی زناشویی در مشاوره و درمان زوجین دارای این اختلال ضروری است و پژوهش حاضر می‌تواند راهنمای مناسبی برای درمانگران جهت ارایه مداخلات مناسب برای زوجین دچار سرخوردگی باشد.


واژگان کلیدی


سرخوردگی زناشویی، زوجین، مطالعه کیفی، ایران

تمام متن:

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