:: Volume 17, Issue 3 (10-2019) ::
RBS 2019, 17(3): 520-536 Back to browse issues page
A review of etiological models of insomnia from cognitive-behavioral perspective
Hoda Doos Ali Vand1 , Mojtaba Habibi2 , Reza Bagherian-Sararoudi 3
1- Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Health Promotion Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Health Psychology, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Health Psychology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. , bagherian@med.mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1456 Views)

Aim and Background: Insomnia is a prevalent health problem characterized by difficulties in sleep initiation, sleep maintenance, or early morning awakenings. In comparison to other sleep disorders, research on etiology of insomnia is in its early stages. The aim of the current study is a brief review of the most important cognitive and behavioral models of insomnia and their therapeutic implications.

Findings: Several behavioral and cognitive models of insomnia tend to focus on different aspects as the start point of the process. Although each model provides a unique perspective of the insomnia, they best viewed as complementary rather than mutually exclusive. These models can be used to guide planning effective treatments for chronic insomnia.

Conclusions: Although different models of insomnia present a better understanding of the complex and multidimensional nature of the disorder, each one of the models has its specific strengths and weaknesses. A comprehensive model incorporates core components of existing models into one model is warranted.

Keywords: Cognitive, Behavioral, Etiology, Insomnia, Models.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/04/15 | Accepted: 2020/04/15 | Published: 2020/04/15



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Volume 17, Issue 3 (10-2019) Back to browse issues page