:: Volume 16, Issue 1 (4-2018) ::
RBS 2018, 16(1): 78-83 Back to browse issues page
The Impact of Group Therapy Based on Acceptance and Commitment on Psychological Indicators (Depression, Anxiety, and Stress) in Women with Fibromyalgia
نگین صالحی1, حمید طاهر نشاط‌دوست2, حمید افشار
1- استاد، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
2- دانشیار، مرکز تحقیقات روان‌تنی و گروه روان‌پزشکی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
Abstract:   (2609 Views)
Aim and Background: Comorbidity of psychological disorders is very common in patients with chronic pain, including patients with fibromyalgia; it is in a range of depression, anxiety, stress, disappointment, failure, and anger, and accompanied with psychological consequences such as sleep disturbances, disruptions in daily functions, and worries about the future. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of group-based acceptance and commitment therapy on depression, anxiety, and stress in women with fibromyalgia. Methods and Materials: This study was quasi-experimental study with pretest, posttest, and follow-up, and control group. Among the patients referring to medical centers affiliated to in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2016, 24 patients with fibromyalgia syndrome were selected through convenient sampling method, and randomly divided into two groups. The instrument of this study was a short form of Depression, Anxiety, and Psychological Stress Scale (DASS-21). The experimental group received the therapy based on acceptance and commitment during 8 sessions of 2 hours. The covariance analysis method was used to analyze the data. Findings: Acceptance and commitment therapy in women with fibromyalgia is more effective to control the symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress, compared to the control group (P < 0.050). Moreover, the mean of 3 subscales of depression (P = 0.001), anxiety (P = 0.001), and stress (P = 0.006) decreased significantly in the experimental group in the posttest and follow-up stages compared to the pretest stage. Conclusions: Group therapy based on acceptance and commitment can reduce the psychological damage in patients and increase their life-richness, in spite of pain and illness, through the creation and development of acceptance and increasing value-based practices.
Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, Stress life, Fibromyalgia, Acceptance and commitment therapy
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/02/8 | Accepted: 2018/04/15 | Published: 2018/04/15

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Volume 16, Issue 1 (4-2018) Back to browse issues page